Personality is the most inclusive of all psychological terms. It includes all physical and psychological traits that distinguish one individual from every other. It includes elements of the individual's character, intelligence, instinctual drives, temperament, sentiments, behavior, motor control and memories. The term character is almost synonymous with personality.
In the formation of personality, especially the part concerned with feeling and emotional sensitivity, basic temperament surely plays a part. By nature some children from the beginning seem to be happy, cheerful and unconcerned about immediate frustrations; others are opposite. By the third month of life, there are individual differences in regularity-irregularity, intensity of action, positive-negative mood and high-low distractibility. Mother's behavior is of crucial importance in teaching such patterns.
In approximately 15 percent of the general population, certain personality traits are so pronounced as to be distressing to the individual and disturbing to others, even though the patient is not manifestly sociopath or psychotic.
The following are some type of personality disorders:
Paranoid personality disorder:
Persons with paranoid disorder usually will have suspiciousness, litigiousness, jealousy, and envy. A person with this disorder may not look in to the depth of a particular problem. The having paranoid personality disorder will have a tendency to blame others. These person may not have any sense of humor at all.
Cyclothymic personality disorder:
Persons with cyclothymic personality disorder may suffer from recurring periods of depression (low energy, pessimism, hopelessness, despair) and elation (high energy, ambition, enthusiasm, optimism). These mood changes are not readily explained by the circumstances.
Schizoid personality disorder:
Persons with schizoid personality disorder usually prefer to be alone. These persons may show seclusiveness and secretiveness. Persons with schizoid personality disorder will be often eccentric and have a few friends. They may not be able to express ideas and feelings, especially anger.
Explosive personality disorder:
Persons with explosive personality disorder may show outbursts of rage and aggression not in keeping with usual personality, often in response to minor provocation: These persons with explosive personality disorder may lose control over a situation and then regret later.
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder:
Persons with chronic often worries about standards in routine life. These people will be concerned about his self-image excessively. Persons with chronic often worries usually will not be able to relax and be overly meticulous, and expects perfection in everything. This leads to depression and obsessive-compulsive neurosis.
Hysterical personality disorder:
Persons with hysterical personality disorder will show immaturity, histrionic behavior and excitability. These people will be emotionally unstable and have low frustration tolerance.
Asthenic personality disorder:
Persons with asthenic personality disorder will have chronic weakness, easy fatigability, sense of vulnerability, little ambition or aggression. The person with asthenic personality disorder may have low energy level.
Passive-aggressive personality disorder:
Persons with passive-aggressive personality disorder may exhibit obstructive behavior, stubbornness, intentional errors or omissions. The person with passive-aggressive personality disorder may blame others for an untoward event.
Inadequate personality disorder:
Persons with inadequate personality disorder often have chronic inability to meet ordinary life demands in the absence of mental retardation. There is severe dependency on others. The person with inadequate personality disorder will have tendency to become dependent on institutions.
Antisocial personality disorder:
Persons with antisocial personality disorder may have un-socialized or antisocial behavior in conflict with society. The person with antisocial personality disorder may be selfish. There will be lack of loyalty and little guilt. The person with antisocial personality disorder will have tendency to blame others and will have low frustration tolerance. There may be long history of interpersonal and social difficulties and arrests.
Passive-dependent personality disorder:
Persons with passive-dependent personality disorder usually will have lack of self-confidence. These persons will not be able to make decisions. Persons with passive-dependent personality disorder will have tendency to cling and seek support from others.
Immature personality disorder:
These types of persons have ineffectual responses to social, psychological and physical demands. A person with immature personality disorder will lack stamina and will have poor adaptation capability to ordinary situations. The patient often may lack any meaningful achievements in his life.