From Medicineworld.org: Migraine headaches
Common migraine is the one, which occurs most frequently, and the ratio to its classic counterpart is 5:1. Migraine is remarkably a common condition. It is present in 4-6 percent among men and 13-18 percent among women. Usually it starts before the age of 30 years.
Is there any provoking cause for migraine?
Some patients suffer from migraine while taking some particular foods like chocolate, cheese, fatty foods, oranges, tomatoes and onions. Alcohol, particularly red wine regularly provokes attacks in some patients. Noise and sudden movements of the head also causes headache. Stress and tension also triggers the attack.
What are the common symptoms of migraine?
Classic migraine patients frequently have mood changes, hunger or loss of appetite, drowsiness and frequent yawning. Then they have sudden flashes of light while seeing (photopsia) formations of dazzling zigzag lines (arranged like the battlements of a castle, hence the term fortification spectra). Some patient may have blurred or cloudy vision. Some may have tingling sensation or numbness over the face lips and hands; weakness of limbs, dizziness or drowsiness. Nausea and vomiting may occur. The headache lasts for hours and sometimes even for a day. Between the attacks the migraine patients are normal.
Many variations of migraine can occur:
What are the available treatments for migraine?
Treatment of migraine maybe subdivided into two parts- one to control the individual attack and the other to prevent the attacks. Treatment should be started immediately at the onset of headache. In mild cases acetaminophen is sufficient. In treating acute severe attacks of migraine, the ergot alkaloids like dihydroergotamine and sumatriptan is used. Newer drugs like zolmitriptan and rizatriptan can also be used. Elderly patients should be cautious while taking there drugs and pregnant women should not be given these drugs.
How to prevent migraine?
For prevention, drugs like propronolol,clonidine are useful. Amitriptyline can also be used. Flunarizine is the most effective among all the drugs. If the patient has hypertension it should be controlled, oral contraceptives should be discontinued and dietary modification (for example red wine can be avoided if it precipitates attack) will help in preventing migraine attacks. Yoga and meditation may be helpful.
Did you know?
Of all the painful states that afflict humans, headache is undoubtedly is the most frequent and rivals backache as the most common reason for seeking medical help. In fact, there are so many cases of headache that special headache clinics have been established in many medical centers. For an intelligent person, there is greater concern about what happens to the head than to other parts of the body, since the head houses the brain and headache frequently raises the question of brain tumor or other brain disease.
Medicineworld.org: Migraine headaches
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